Software development frameworks are essential tools for software developers. They provide a structure for developing software and help ensure that code is written consistently and organized. We are going to give you a quick look at the top 51 development frameworks predicted to be popular in 2022. But first, we will discuss what a development framework is, its benefits, pros, and cons, and how to choose a suitable framework for your projects. We hope you will find the information helpful.
What Is a Software Development Framework?
A software development framework is basically an application, product, or system that provides a set of components that can be used for different applications to reduce the cost and time it takes to develop the entire application. A Framework may provide common functionalities like logging, authentication, etc., that are shared across many other apps. Frameworks are often designed to solve specific types of problems and support the development process.
Frameworks can be used to develop desktop applications, mobile apps, or web-based applications. There are various types of frameworks available, depending on the programming language that you are using. Some popular development frameworks include Django for Python, Laravel for PHP, and Ruby on Rails for Ruby. Each framework has its own set of tools and documentation.
Most frameworks provide support to write code in a specific programming language and follow well-defined architecture or patterns that help developers easily create and modify applications. A software development framework is also known as a web app development framework because it provides the tools required to build complex web apps, such as social media apps, e-commerce stores, etc.
What Does a Framework Include?
A development framework is a reusable set of libraries, templates, and tools that are meant to simplify your work. Like other development frameworks, software development frameworks aim to help you get started more quickly by providing generic functionality, so you don’t have to write it yourself. A software development framework often includes an architecture, design approach, and collection of components like utility classes and helpers. Frameworks also typically include a set of guidelines for how you should structure your code and how to use the framework’s components.
Benefits of Using a Framework
Overall, software development frameworks provide several benefits for software developers. These benefits include easier development and maintenance, standardization and compatibility, improved security, increased productivity, and easier collaboration. By using a development framework, developers can improve the quality and speed of their work while still reducing the time and effort required. Here are some benefits:
Easier Development and Maintenance
Software development frameworks make it easier for developers to create and maintain software applications. This is because the frameworks provide a stable, well-defined structure for the application, as well as libraries of reusable code that can be used to accelerate development.
Standardization and Compatibility
Software development frameworks help to standardize software development across different organizations. This is because the frameworks provide a common set of tools and procedures that can be used by developers regardless of their organization or project. In addition, development frameworks are often compatible with multiple programming languages, making it easier for developers to switch between projects.
Because software development frameworks provide a standard set of tools and procedures, they can be used to improve security for software applications. This is because the frameworks simplify the process of validating input data, communicating with other systems, and implementing access controls. They also help to prevent common vulnerabilities, such as SQL injection and cross-site scripting.
Software development frameworks can help increase developers’ productivity by providing them with a set of best practices and reusable code. This can allow developers to focus on the specific tasks that need to be completed rather than on creating basic functionality from scratch. In addition, development frameworks can often be used to generate code skeletons, which can further increase productivity.
Software development frameworks make it easier for developers to collaborate on projects. This is because the frameworks provide a common set of tools and procedures that all development team members can use. In addition, many frameworks include support for version control, which can help developers track changes and collaborate more effectively.
Advantages of using Software Development Frameworks
There are many advantages to using software development frameworks. Some of the most important include:
Every time you use the same connection string or configuration file, it will be used consistently. This reduces mistakes and saves time.
One of the primary advantages of using frameworks is that you can reuse code. This can save you a lot of time because you don’t have to go back and rewrite the same code every time. For example, if there is a function or class that you are constantly using across many apps, then it makes sense to include it in your framework so that you only have to write it once.
Using frameworks brings more consistency to your codebase because of additional classes that are created for you. For example, with ASP.NET MVC, you get an HTML helper class that is automatically wired up to all the right events.
Frameworks give you a head start on your development, and they often make it easier to write code that is both correct and maintainable. This means you can be more productive in the long run. But this doesn’t mean that frameworks are always the best option.
Disadvantages of using Software Development Frameworks
Also, there are a few disadvantages to consider before using a framework.
The more complex a framework is, the more difficult it can be to learn and use. This may lead to frustration and wasted time.
Although the goal of frameworks is to save time and provide a good foundation, they can also restrict you from using best practices or making any changes to the code. As such, choosing the wrong framework for your project could be more expensive than avoiding it altogether.
Increased Learning Curves
There’s always a learning curve when you use a new framework. And if you’re not careful, you can end up spending more time learning the framework than you would have written your own code from scratch.
Frameworks are often less flexible than custom code, which can make it difficult to solve unique or edge cases. If your project doesn’t fit into the framework’s mold, this can be a major problem.
Increased Dependency on Third-Party Libraries
Frameworks rely on third-party libraries to do much of the heavy lifting. If these libraries are not available or not up to date with the latest features, your project may be in trouble.
How to Choose a Suitable Development Framework?
When it comes to software development, different frameworks are available to choose from. This can make it challenging to decide which one is right for your project. This is how to choose a suitable software development framework:
One of the first things you need to consider is the framework’s language. If you have no preference yet, then you can choose from languages such as Java, Python, or Ruby. Furthermore, you need to consider whether the framework is open source or not. If it is, then there will be a possibility of more people using it and updating the code more frequently. In contrast, an open-source framework might have some of its features hidden because of patents – which can influence your decision.
In addition, you need to consider if the framework has a good community base. This means that there are a lot of tutorials and people who have knowledge in this area. It might be challenging for you to find help when necessary during the application development process if it does not. On top of this, you need to consider if the framework is mature as well as the size of the community base. This means that it has been around for a while and people have had enough time to find out how good it is.
To fully understand what type of application development process would work best with your chosen framework, you can look at case studies or look at example applications. This will give you an idea of what to expect and how the framework works. If you have no idea where to find these, check out the framework’s website or a repository specializing in software development frameworks.
Ultimately, the best way to choose a software development framework is to try it out yourself, enabling you to better understand how it works and whether it is the right framework for your project. If not, you can switch to another one.
Top 65 Popular Software Development Frameworks
As mentioned above, there are so many development frameworks out there, and each with its own advantages and disadvantages. So, it is hard to decide which frameworks work best for your projects. Here are 51 popular ones that you should consider utilizing in 2022:
1. Django (Python)
Python is not only a powerful and easy-to-use programming language, but it also has an ecosystem of web frameworks that make building websites much easier. Django is one such framework; it’s prevalent among developers because of its large library of extensions and the fact its automatically generated administration panel allows you to build and deploy bug-free sites rapidly. It’s also compatible with Google App Engine, making it simple to deploy applications onto the cloud.
2. Flask (Python)
Flask is a microframework for Python that enables you to create web applications easily. It’s based on the Werkzeuge and Jinja2 libraries and provides a simple API for routing, templating, and data storage. Flask is perfect for small projects or prototypes and has a large community of developers who are always happy to help out.
3. TurboGears (Python)
TurboGears is an open-source, rapid-development web framework in Python. TurboGears combine the excellent Pylons/Pyramid framework with a Bootstrap-based skin to create a powerful platform for your next big idea.
4. PyTorch (Python)
PyTorch is a Python library that provides two high-level features: Tensor computation with strong GPU acceleration and deep neural networks built with a tape-based autoloop. It has been used by large companies such as Facebook, Twitter, Salesforce, Nvidia, Intel, Qualcomm Inc., Uber Technologies Inc., Nordstrom Inc., and Dropbox Inc.
5. Ruby on Rails (Ruby)
If Python is not your programming language of choice, you might consider Ruby on Rails, which has a slightly different philosophy underpinning its design, although similar in many ways. Popularity is a pivotal reason to choose RoR; it’s been used to build some of the world’s largest websites, including Twitter, GitHub, and Hulu. Ruby on Rails also has a huge community of developers who are always happy to help out.
6. Garden (Ruby)
Garden is an open-source Ruby web framework that aims to fix Ruby’s large number of web frameworks problem. Garden takes a different approach to the existing frameworks. Instead of working on a single framework, Garden works on a number of different frameworks and provides a common set of APIs for them to share. This makes it possible for you to use the right tool for the job instead of being forced to use a specific framework.
7. Spring (Java)
As the most prevalent programming language in the world, it’s no surprise that Java has one of the most mature and well-developed frameworks around in Spring. It’s used by some of the biggest companies globally, such as Amazon, Walmart, and eBay, and is perfect for building both web applications and enterprise-level systems.
8. Play (Java)
9. Spark (Java)
Spark is an open-source web framework based on Java. It aims to be easy to use and learn for both experienced and inexperienced Java developers, and it has been used in several products (suite CRM, Jelastic PaaS).
10. Wicket (Java)
Wicket is an open-source web application framework for the Java programming language. It follows the MVC (Model View Controller) architectural pattern and is very easy to use. Wicket is suitable for both small and large web applications.
11. Javalin (Java)
Javalin is a new, lightweight Java web framework that offers a simple and fast way to build web applications. It is built on the Model-View-Controller (MVC) pattern and follows the philosophy that code should be easy to write and read. Javalin is also suitable for both small and large web applications.
12. Netty (Java)
Netty is an open-source framework designed to simplify network programmings such as server and client application development. It features high performance, the separation of protocol infrastructure from application logic, and a large community of users, including IBM, Red Hat, Twitter, Netflix, Hortonworks, Oracle/Sun/Oracle America Inc., AT&T Interactive ComScore, and many more.
13. Reactor (Java)
The Reactor is a high-performance application framework for Java that uses non-blocking I/O to provide a simpler way to build fast and scalable server applications. It is being used by several big companies, including LinkedIn, PayPal, Yahoo!, eBay Inc., Walmart Inc., and Netflix.
14. Neural Network Libraries (Java)
Neural Network Libraries (NNL) is an open-source framework that allows you to quickly build distributed deep learning applications. It provides neural network implementations, such as feedforward, convolutional, recurrent, and recursive neural networks; supports CUDA; and has many users in academia and industry.
15. Laravel (PHP)
PHP is not the most popular language in the world, but it does have a very large and active development community and a number of excellent frameworks. One of the most popular is Laravel, which is known for its expressive syntax and elegant code. It’s also perfect for building RESTful web applications and APIs.
16. CakePHP (PHP)
CakePHP is a web application framework that helps you build applications faster with less code. It uses commonly known design patterns like Active Record, Association Data Mapping, Front Controller, and MVC to provide an infrastructure you can use to build robust web applications.
17. Symfony (PHP)
This is a web application framework for PHP that follows the model-view-controller (MVC) architecture and has a large number of reusable components available. Symfony makes it perfect for building complex websites and applications and creating your own PHP libraries and reusable code.
18. Phalcon (PHP)
Phalcon is one of the web development frameworks. It is written in C and built as a PHP extension, making it extremely fast. It’s inspired by other popular frameworks like Ruby on Rails and Spring and makes dependency injection, caching validation, and other everyday tasks a breeze.
19. Yii (PHP)
Yii is a high-performance PHP framework that provides many tools for creating web applications. It includes features like an Active Record implementation, unit testing support, and code profiling to help you get started quickly and easily regardless of the great community.
20. Zikula (PHP)
This is a content management system (CMS) and application development framework for PHP to create and manage your own web applications. It includes features like an article management system, a wiki system, a blog system, and a forum system to help you get started quickly and easily.
21. Lumen (PHP)
Lumen is a PHP microframework created by Laravel creator Taylor Otwell. It is a smaller, faster, and more lightweight alternative to the Laravel framework. Lumen is perfect for building simple, fast, and elegant web applications without all of the bells and whistles that come with larger frameworks.
22. CodeIgniter (PHP)
CodeIgniter is a lightweight PHP framework that provides a simple and elegant way to build dynamic web applications. It is well-suited for smaller projects, and it integrates well with other popular PHP libraries and frameworks. CodeIgniter also has a very active user community, making it an excellent option for any PHP developer.
This framework is a static site generator for React that lets you create websites and applications using React. It makes it easy to develop sites quickly and efficiently while providing many features not found in other frameworks. This framework also has a large and active community in case you need support.
33. Nuxt.js (Vue.js)
It is a framework for creating universal Vue.js applications. It provides sensible defaults and a powerful routing system that makes it perfect for larger projects. Nuxt.js also integrates well with popular tooling, making development a breeze.
34. Phoenix (Elixir)
Phoenix is a web framework written in Elixir that follows the Model View Controller (MVC) pattern. It provides routing, templating, testing, and ORM tools out of the box, making it perfect for developing web applications quickly and easily. Phoenix also integrates well with other Elixir libraries and tools, making it an excellent choice for any Elixir project.
35. Aeron (C++)
Aeron is a high-performance C++ framework for building concurrent applications. It is utilized by companies such as Twitter, Apple Inc., and Square.
36. Apache MXNet (C++)
It is an open-source deep learning framework created for both efficiency and flexibility. Apache MXNet enables you to mix symbolic and imperative programming to maximize efficiency and productivity. It has been used by a lot of companies such as Uber Technologies Inc., Salesforce, Intel, Twitter, Qualcomm Inc., Walmart Inc., Baidu Inc., Tencent, and Nvidia.
37. TensorFlow (C++)
TensorFlow is an open-source platform for machine learning that researchers at Google originally developed. It provides a wide range of high-level APIs for building custom algorithms and models and low-level primitives for more complex tasks. TensorFlow has been used by companies such as Intel, Nvidia, Microsoft, Facebook, Baidu Inc., Uber Technologies Inc., Walmart Inc., Salesforce, and Tesla Motors.
38. Core Data (Objective-C)
This is an object graph and persistence framework for macOS and iOS that allows you to save the state of your application to a file. Core Data provides tools to create, edit, delete, or search for data objects using either SQLite or binary storage formats. It’s extremely flexible and can be used in various ways.
39. Xamarin (C#)
Xamarin is a cross-platform mobile development framework, allowing you to build native iOS, Android, and Windows Mobile applications in C#. It eases the way to share code across platforms while still having access to platform-specific APIs.
40. ML.NET (C#)
This is a framework for machine learning originally developed by Microsoft and now has a large community of contributors. It provides .NET APIs, prebuilt algorithms, and other tools to make it easy to create powerful predictive applications. ML.NET has been used by companies such as Netflix Inc., Uber Technologies Inc., and Facebook.
41. Infer.NET (C#)
Infer.NET is an open-source framework for static analysis of C# code. It provides a flexible, scalable system for developers to specify how software should behave in order to ensure correct results while providing faster feedback to developers about problems in their software. Infer.NET has been used by companies such as Microsoft Research, Google, Facebook, and Netflix.
42. Express (Node.js)
Express is a web application framework for Node.js, providing a robust set of features for building web applications and APIs. Together, they make an incredibly powerful combination, allowing developers to create sophisticated web applications and APIs that can handle high loads without breaking a sweat.
43. Grails (Groovy)
Grails is a full-stack web framework for Java that makes it easy to create and develop complex web applications. It supports HTTP, RESTful APIs, and many other features that allow you to get started quickly and efficiently while still having the flexibility to build complex applications.
44. Yesod (Haskell)
Yesod is a web framework for the productive development of type-safe, RESTful, high-performance web applications. In particular, Yesod gave inspiration to a lot of other frameworks, like Flintrock in Ruby or Pyramid in Python. So, it is a good investment if you are interested in learning from Yesod and its complete feature set.
45. Caliburn Micro (CSharp)
It is a small but powerful framework for creating Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) applications. It provides everything you need to get started quickly, and it has a very active user community.
46. Pidgin (CSharp)
Pidgin is an open-source, lightweight C# web framework based on the MVC architectural pattern. It has built-in support for many technologies, including Web API and AngularJS, and it integrates nicely with other popular tools like Ninject or Autofac.
47. Framework 7 (HTML5)
48. Kendo UI (HTML5)
49. Flutter (Dart)
Flutter is an open-source mobile application SDK originally developed by Google but now maintained by the community. It allows developers to build high-performance, high-fidelity mobile apps for iOS and Android from a single codebase in the Dart programming language. Flutter works with existing code, is used by companies such as Alibaba, Google, and Hamilton Musical, and it has a large user community as well.
Ionic is a front-end web development framework for developing hybrid mobile applications using AngularJS. It includes features like drag-and-drop, local storage, and push notifications to allow you to build complex single-page apps quickly and easily.
51. Mojito (C++, Node.js)
Software development frameworks are used to create apps and other software. In the future, the number of people who use them will change over time, which is why it’s important for you to consider the 51 development frameworks that may be in common use by 2022. If your company needs a new framework or upgrading an existing one, we expect this list has helped guide your decision-making process.